Felsefi Düşün Issue:2 – Hume / April 2014
Issue Editor: Uğur EKREN (İstanbul Üniversitesi)Please click on the name of any article for abstract and keywords.
The Influence of Malebranche on David Hume:A Research Study on The Idea of Necessary Connection
David Hume is usually considered and interpreted in the empiricist tradition. When his philosophy is considered as a whole, it is impossible to say that he is not an empiricist; but both his references and contradictory tradition by which he creates himself indicate substantial influence on his philosophy. The philosophy of Malebranche is one of those. This study aims to investigate whether Malebranche, who is a rationalist philosopher, has an influence on Hume’s philosophy or not, and if so, in what aspects does he have an influence? In this way, it will be revealed what kind of deficiencies it causes trying to understand Hume only in the empiricist tradition.
Keywords: Malebranche, Hume, Causality, Necessary Connection, Occasionalism.
The Problem on Abstraction and Universals in Hume and The Criticism of Alexius von Meinong
The problem of abstraction and universals was discussed thoroughly and more deliberate and strong during the 17th and 18th centuries by Locke, Berkeley and Hume. The views of David Hume, who it was said has a fundamental role in the foundation of nominalism, are discussed in this essay. Then Alexius Meinong‘s glance to the historical background and his views on David Hume in his “Hume Studies I” were examined. To examine Meinong‘s criticism of Hume, can provide a new point of view about the Problem on Abstraction and Universals.
Keywords: Hume, Alexius von Meinong, abstraction, universal, the ability of abstraction.
David Hume as Historian
David Hume was mainly acknowledged as an historian by a broad audience in his life time and the century after his death. However his place in the history of philosophy today effaces his historiography and creates a widespread ignorance about it. Yet, apart from his historiography, Hume’s philosophy has also an important historical aspect in itself. If the significance of historical existence for human consciousness and the effects of historical consciousness for the philosophical matters that Hume gave place in his works are appreciated well enough, that would let us to fulfill a missing part in understanding his philosophy as well.
Keywords: David Hume, history, Scottish Enlightenment, historiography, human nature
Taxes and the State Debt in David Hume’s Political, Economic and Philosophical Thinking
This work examines David Hume’s two texts on public finance –“Of Taxes” (1752) and “Of Public Credit” (1752)– by considering his economic, political and philosophical thinking. While the paper examines Hume’s fiscal theory in relation to his political and philosophical thinking, at the same time it interprets his political and philosophical thinking in light of his fiscal theory. Hume in these two texts that deeply influenced the fiscal thought of the British political economy points to a scheme of taxation that fits to the liberal and commercial society and the prospective hazardous political outcomes of the state debt. His two texts on public finance that did not enjoy attention so much as his other economic and political texts did deserves to be re-interpreted in the context of the present conditions of recent economic and political crisis. As the present work examines Hume’s fiscal theory in his entire thought, it points out that the conclusions Hume reached should be re-evaluated from the critical political economy perspective.
Keywords: David Hume, Taxes, State Debt, Liberal and Commercial Society, Crisis
A panoramic view of David Hume’s philosophy in 5 questions.
Turkish translation of “Hume on Melancholy, Scepticism and Back-gammon”
The paper explores the implications of a frequently-quoted passage in Hume’s Treatise – the passage towards the end of Book I where ‘philosophical melancholy and delirium’ is mentioned. More generally, it attempts to take seriously Hume’s reputation as a sceptical theorist. Section 1 of the paper offers thoughts on the sense of ‘melancholia’ that is appropriate in Hume’s case. Section 2 discusses scepticism as a theme of Hume’s work; it is argued that issues about scepticism are deeply rooted in the Treatise‘s most characteristic claims. Sections 3 and 4 comment on responses to scepticism which Hume’s writings contain. Section 5 looks beyond Hume, and comments briefly on scepticism and related issues in subsequent Scottish and German thought. The paper presents Hume as a darker and more troubled theorist than is sometimes assumed.
Anahtar kelimeler: Hume, melancholy, scepticism, causality, back-gammon
TRANSLATIONS FROM HUME’S ESSAYS
Turkish Translation of David Hume’s “My Own Life” .
Turkish Translation of David Hume’s “Of The Origin Of Government”.
Turkish Translation of David Hume’s “Of the Study of History”.
Turkish Translation of David Hume’s “Of the Delicacy of Taste and Passion”.